Need to know more about vehicle inspection?
What is vehicle inspection?
Safety is the most important and the obvious reason to inspect your vehicle. During an inspection, if defects are found, you can be saved from major problems or even an accident later on.
Types of vehicle inspections
In Malaysia, there are 9 types of inspections available for privately-owned vehicles which are carried out by Puspakom: voluntary inspection, re-inspection, Imported Vehicle Inspection For Customs (IVIC), Hire Purchase Inspection (HPI), special Inspection, auction inspection, valuation inspection, insurance inspection, and transfer of ownership inspection.
Much like the human body, our vehicles too need regular inspection. This helps to determine the vehicle’s actual condition and roadworthiness.
No car may be driven unless the following parts and accessories are in good working order:
- Visible light transmittance for windscreen and windows
- Undercarriage checks
- Registration plate numbers
- Exhaust emissions
- Above carriage checks
If your vehicle does not pass the inspection requirements and standards of the initial, special or routine inspections and failed, you will be required to rectify the problem(s) and return for a re-inspection.
Imported Vehicle Inspection For Customs (IVIC)
Puspakom has deployed transportable inspection units at all major Malaysian ports to inspect imported vehicles upon their arrival into the country on behalf of the Royal Malaysian Customs. The IVIC inspection (also known as the B6 inspection) covers all categories of imported vehicles including new, used and reconditioned vehicles.
The IVIC inspections are currently carried out at all entry points into Malaysia, specifically in all major ports in Malaysia such as Northport and Westport in Port Klang, Kota Kinabalu Port in Sabah and Kuching Port in Sarawak. Puspakom also offers the B2 inspection together with B6 inspection, if requested by vehicle importers and agents.
The Hire-Purchase Inspection (HPI) was introduced in June 2011 and was made compulsory under the Malaysian law in an effort to protect buyers of used vehicles from buying illegal or unroadworthy vehicles.
Any individual or organisation applying for a loan to purchase a used vehicle will need to show that the vehicle has undergone a Hire-Purchase Inspection by producing a B7 report issued by Puspakom. This inspection includes 18 specific checks, a combination of identity checks, and physical checks.
If a commercial or private vehicle undergoes a change of engine, chassis or body specification, or a laden weight upgrade, it will need to undergo a special inspection at Puspakom. This is a legal requirement to confirm the vehicle’s physical condition and identity after the modifications have been made.
‘Auction Inspection’ refers to the inspection of a vehicle prior to, or immediately after, being auctioned off. Puspakom will carry out a physical inspection to ensure compliance with legal requirements.
Puspakom will carry out legally compliant physical checks on vehicles to protect buyers, sellers, and loan providers regarding the vehicle’s actual value. This inspection includes an assessment of the current market value of the vehicle. You can choose to send your vehicle for a 3-Point Valuation Inspection consisting of visual checks, or for a more thorough 8-Point Valuation Inspection with an additional 5 checks on the technical features of the vehicle.
If your vehicle have sustained damage in an accident and an insurance claim is made for the cost of the repairs, your insurance provider will request for an Insurance Inspection. Puspakom will inspect the vehicle after repairs made to ensure that they have been carried out properly and that the vehicle is roadworthy.
This inspection looks for evidence of ‘cut-and-join’ repair work in particular as this is forbidden. Once the vehicle has passed the inspection, the motor insurance company can proceed with the renewal of insurance coverage
Transfer of Ownership Inspection.
Prior to an ownership transfer, all private vehicles must undergo a mandatory inspection. At the end of the inspection and provided there are no abnormalities, a B5 report will be issued and this is furnished to the JPJ which will then allow transfer of ownership of the vehicle to another party.